In India, agriculture is most important as it is the livelihood of around 58% of people. Kheti (also known as farming in India) is a crucial backbone of Indian economy. Agriculture is significantly the most important sector and that’s the reason why India is called “The Land of Farmers”.
The farmers are the “Backbone of the Indian Economy” as agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. 70% of rural households are dependent on agriculture. It contributes around 17% to the GDP of the country as well as it employs 60% of our population. So we can clearly state that agriculture is the backbone of India.
Farming in the Indian language Hindi is called kheti badi. The system of farming in India is tactically applied, according to the locations where they are most suitable. The farming system is different for each location. Here are the kinds of farming you should know:
- Sustenance Farming
- Industrial Farming
- Natural Farming
The regions throughout India differ in the type of farming, there are some which are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry, and many more.
As for the geographical location of India, there are certain parts of India that experience a different climate which affects each region’s agricultural productivity. India is mostly dependent on the monsoon cycle to yield large crops. Agriculture is the biggest industry in the country and also plays a key role in the socio-economic growth of the country. We are the second-largest producer of wheat, rice cotton, sugarcane, silk, groundnuts, and dozens of other crops. India is the second biggest harvester of vegetables and fruits. The major fruits which are produced by India are mangoes, papaya, and bananas.
Agriculture farmers often use modern technologies to yield the most out of the land. The farmers use tools such as most modern seed fertilizer, pesticides, insecticides, herbicides, and the best technology available to get the most out of the farm with less requirement of water for best irrigation. As high-quality seeds can give higher harvest and to get better crops some prefer agricultural equipment like tractors and other equipment or some might perform rainwater harvesting in the farms. To avoid landslides in artificial dams mainly built for agricultural purposes as they construct walls so there won’t be much damage.
The Government of India introduces various schemes so that farmers can get more privilege and relaxation in various other terms such as loans and many more. Such schemes are introduced so it helps farmers economically. Kisan Yojana schemes are introduced by the government of India where all small and marginal farmers will receive up to Rs 6,000 per year as minimum income support towards farmers. Such schemes aim to cover 125 crores of farmers irrespective of the size of the land ownership in India. These schemes will be available for both urban and rural farmers.